The Persian cat is native to the mountains of Persia and Turkey.
In the 1600s, Pietro della Valle, an Italian traveler and writer, is credited with bringing the Persian cat to Europe. It wasn’t until the late 1800s when Persian cats were brought to the United States, where they quickly became the top cat in competition.
The longhair trait in the original Persian cats was thought to be recessive, although it is the norm in today’s modern Persian cat. Today’s Persian cat evolved from the British standards, although the coat, coloring and conformation is more refined.
Appearance: The Persian cat is a heavy-boned cat with short, thick legs and large paws. They have a short, thick neck, large shoulders and a broad chest. The tail is short, but proportioned to the body. The head is large and broad with a short muzzle.
Persians are considered a medium to large size cat.
Persian cats come in a a variety of colors and points to include silver, golden, tabby, parti-color, bicolor and van.
The Himalayan is a breed on its own, but it’s a pointed Persian. The Chinchilla cat is a Persian with silver or golden coloring.
Temperament: Persian cats are very sweet-natured, easy-going cats that generally get along with other pets and family members. They will play, but tend to be loungers.
Health: Persians that have shorter muzzles may suffer sinus or respiratory problems. Some Persians may suffer epiphora, which is chronic eye irritation that can cause tearing or staining of the hair below the eyes.
Feline Hyperestheisa Syndrome – extremely sensitive skin- is common amongst Persian cats. It can be caused by stress, so you want to make sure to provide an enriched environment with toys, climbing equipment and a window with a view.
- Heart disease
- Retinal degeneration
- Blockage of nasolacrimal ducts
- Jaw deformities where the upper and lower jaws don’t meet