The breed dates back to the 14th century Thailand, which was then known as Siam. The Siam royal family would give cats as gifts to visiting dignitaries.
By the late 1800s, the breed began showing up in Europe and the United States. In 1878, US Consul David Stickles gifted America’s first Siamese cat to the First Lady Lucy Webb Hayes.
British cat fanciers first deemed the Siamese cat as an “unnatural, nightmare kind of cat,” but by the early 1900s, the British cat breed standard was rewritten to describe the cats as a “striking-looking cat.”
Appearance: Siamese cats have a long, slender body with a triangular face and blue eyes. Their coat can vary between the short and long variety, but what they are known for is their light coloring with darker points around the ears, face, paws, and tail.
Siamese cats are found in several coat colors, which include the blue point, chocolate point, seal point, lilac point, fawn point, red point, and tabby point (also referred to as the lynx Siamese).
- Traditional Siamese (Applehead Siamese or old-style Siamese): This type is a medium- to large-sized cat with a muscular build and substantial bone structure. The head is more rounded, and the ears are medium-sized with rounded tips.
- Modern Siamese (wedgehead Siamese): This type has a long, slender body with long legs, a whip-like tail, and dainty paws. The head is wedge-shaped, and the eyes are tip-tilted.
Male Siamese cats tend to weight between 9 to 14 pounds and stand about 23 inches tall. Female Siamese cats tend to weigh between 6 to 10 pounds and will stand about 21 inches tall.
The Siamese cat was once known for its tail kink, but this has been bred out of the breed’s features.
Temperament: Siamese cats are known to be very temperamental and are known for their outgoing personalities. They are one of the most social and friendly cat breeds, and they are known to bond to one person in the family, but become quite possessive of all their humans.
Most Siamese cats are very playful, curious, and intelligent. They are easily trainable, but can become bored easily.
They are extremely vocal and when they feel they are being neglected may become quite loud. They tend to have varied cries for their wants and warnings.
Health: Siamese cats are genetically predisposed to gingivitis, feline asthma, diabetes, upper respiratory infections, neoplasia, gastrointestinal problems, abnormal hair loss, feline hyperesthesia syndrome, feline maratoeaux-lamy syndrome, vestibular disease, cardiomyopathy (heart disease), and amyloidosis (a destructive liver disease).
They also have a higher death rate caused by mammary tumors, but a lower risk of feline lower urinary tract disease.
Cat Breeds Derived from Siamese Cats:
- Colorpoint Shorthair
- Oriental Shorthair
- Oriental Longhair
- Thai Cat
- Mekong Bobtail (Thai Bobtail)